Ecological Services

Apogee specializes in environmental compliance surveys and services within the United States. Apogee biologists and scientists have extensive experience in completing a variety of endangered species surveys, wetland delineations, and ecological mitigations on time and on budget for clients. Key staff meets the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s standards in in the fields of mammalogy, ornithology (birds), botany, herpetology, entomology (insects), and malacology (snails and slugs).

Bat Surveys

Apogee ecologists have extensive experience with the endangered bats of the eastern United States, including the Indiana bat (Myotis sodalis), northern long-eared bat (Myotis septentrionalis), Virginia big-eared bat (Corynorhinus t. virginianus), and the gray bat (Myotis grisescens). Our ecologist have conducted many projects using sampling techniques that include mist netting harp trapping and acoustical bat detectors.

Apogee also has the capability to collect foraging data and to determine the relative home range of individual bats using LOCATE and ArcMap 10.3.

We also have a strong background in the identification of tree species used by bats and have completed numerous habitat assessments and mist net surveys for the Indiana bat and northern long-eared bat throughout the eastern United States. Apogee specializes in complex projects that can span multiple states and requires coordiantion with mutiple state and federal agencies.

Additionally, we conduct winter census surveys for hibernating bats including endangered species.


Bee Surveys

The rusty patched bumble bees (Bombus affinis) common name is derived from a rust-colored patch on the dorsal side (top) of the second middle abdominal segment of worker bees and males (queen does not display this coloration). The rusty patched bumble bee is a native bumble bee species and was once common and distributed throughout the east and upper Midwest of the United States. However, several factors such as, the accidental spread of pests and diseases by the commercial bumble bee industry, habitat destruction or alteration, pesticides, invasive species, natural pest or predator population cycles, and climate change are believed to have played a role in its decline from much of its historic range in recent years. After a petition filed in 2013 to list the species as endangered, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) finalized the ruling and gave the rusty patched bumble bee endangered status under the Endangered Species Act (ESA) as of January 2017. Currently, the USFWS Midwest Regional office is developing survey protocols and habitat recommendations which should be ready this spring.

Bees, such as the rusty patched bumble bee, are important pollinators of flowering plants and agricultural crops. Additionally, bumble bees can fly in cooler conditions like early spring and late fall and during low light conditions unlike many other bees. They also possess a behavior referred to “buzz pollination”. During this behavior, they grab the pollen producing structure of a flower in their jaws and vibrate their wing muscles which causes pollen to become free that would have otherwise remained trapped and is now available for pollination. Some plants, including agricultural crops such as tomatoes, peppers, and cranberries, require buzz pollination. Bumble bees, like the rusty patched bumble bee, do not depend on a single flower type, thus they are considered generalist pollinators. However, some species of flowering plants do rely on bumble bees for successful pollination. Thus, the loss of bumble bees, like the rusty patched bumble bee, could have a wide array of ecological impacts because of the important role they play in the ecosystem as a pollinator.

Aquatic Ecology Services

Apogee has an experienced aquatic ecology staff capable of providing a broad array of aquatic services, including benthic macroinvertebrate sampling and identification, stream habitat assessments and restoration, and freshwater fish and mussle surveys.

Our ecologists are knowledgeable in the identification of aquatic organisms including threatened and endangered species and are experienced in the methodologies applied in aquatic ecological studies. Our senior aquatic ecologist is certified by the Society for Freshwater Science (SFS; formally NABS) to identify Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera, and Trichoptera (EPT), and Chironomidae to the genus level. We have an extensive variety of equipment used for aquatic sampling including backpack electroshockers, seins, macroinvertebrate sampling equipment, boats and SCUBA equipment.

Botanical Surveys

Apogee has an experienced team of ecologist that have conducted numerous botanical surveys for threatened and/or endangered species. Their project experience provides an extensive geographical expertise that allows Apogee to operate from the mid-west to the eastern United States.

Our ecologists have surveyed for federally listed species such as the small whorled pogonia (Isotria medioloides), Virginia spirea (Spirea virginiana), running buffalo clover (Trifolium stoloniferum) and Price’s potato bean (Apios priceana).


Stream Monitoring

Projects that involve the discharge of dredge or fill materials into waters of the United States, including wetlands, are regulated by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers under Sections 401 and 404 of the Clean Water Act of 1972.

Apogee conducts stream monitoring on surface and ground waters when the proposed projects may affect jurisdictional waters. Stream monitoring may consist of stream habitat assessments, macroinvertebrate sampling, fish surveys, and physiochemical water monitoring. Our ecologists have conducted numerous stream monitoring projects and are knowledgeable in all facets of the methodologies required by regulatory agencies.


Wetland Delineations

Apogee provides a multi-disciplinary team to provide a full range of wetland delineation services to our clients. Our team includes plant taxonomist, endangered species biologist, delineation technicians, aquatic scientist, and GIS/GPS experts. With our staff of wetland scientist, Apogee is capable of providing cutting edge services to our clients that include delineations, permitting and mitigation.

Stream/Wetland Services Spotlight:

  • Jurisdictional determination
  • Surveying and mapping
  • 401/404 permitting
  • Restoration design/planning
  • Construction supervision
  • Success monitoring
  • Invasive/Exotic species management
  • Wetland banking economic consultation
  • Plant material installation
  • Functional assessments
  • Treatment wetland design
  • Water quality testing
  • Geomorphic stability assessment
  • Sediment transport evaluation
  • Bank erosion hazard assessment
  • Natural channel design
  • Biological monitoring


Terrestrial Ecology Surveys

Apogee routinely completes terrestrial ecology surveys in a variety of habitats. Our team is composed of several ecologists recognized in the scientific community as experts in their respective field of study. Many of our ecologists are experts in the fields of mammalogy, ornithology (birds), botany, herpetology, entomology (insects), and malacology (snails and slugs).

Past projects range from seasonal regulatory compliance surveys to long-term multi-taxa inventories. Additionally, we have designed and implemented delineation studies used to map the range and extent of habitat for endangered and/or threatened species.

The data we collect is used for a variety of purposes including presence/absence surveys, baseline inventory data, impact assessment, and post-impact monitoring. We have conducted ecological inventories for a number of clients including Department of Defense, U.S. Forest Service, departments of transportation, National Park Service, state and county parks, the coal industry, utilities, and engineering firms.